Schlagwort-Archiv: ethics

5 traits of an ethical hacker

Article in „Geektime“ by Dale Meredith: Nowhere does the “it won’t happen to me” mentality have greater repercussions than with Internet security. According to a report from the Center for Strategic and International Studies, hackers cost businesses $445 billion every year from cyber theft. From the Ashley Madison leak, whose hackers released login information on 32 million users of their infidelity network, to Target, Home Depot, and even Sony a year after the fact, no company is immune to a cyber attack. … read more ….

We can’t allow the tech giants to rule smart cities

Article in „TheGuardian“ by Paul Mason: There’s the tank factory in Beijing that they have turned into an arts complex. There are the coffee joints around Tahrir Square, Cairo, where hijab-wearing women hunch over their laptops. There’s the pubs in Pittsburgh, heaving on the days the Steelers play, carved out of the factories and workshops that once made the city great. … read more...

EPDS release opinion on digital ethics

Article in „lexology“: The European Data Protection Supervisor (EPDS) has released an opinion on digital ethics entitled – „Towards a new digital ethics – Data, dignity and technology“. The opinion is concerned with the number of trending technologies which carry the risk of inappropriately utilising personal data and therefore raise „the most important ethical and practical questions for the application of data protection principles… read more

Is the Internet of Things Causing the Total Breakdown of Society?

Article in „re-work.co“ by Rob van Kranenburg: Is the Internet and Internet of Things causing the total breakdown of society? I want to argue yes. I am not a pessimist though and even very optimistic, as you will find, but for now just clear your mind and hear me out. I basically have three main arguments. They all concern data. … read more ….

 

Stephen Hawking: Philosophy is dead and artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race

Article in “University of Oxford” practical ethics by Darlei Dall’Agnol: I wonder whether there is a close connection between the two. In fact, I believe that the second will be true only if the first is. But philosophy is not dead and it may undoubtedly help us to prevent the catastrophic consequences of misusing science and technology. Thus, I will argue that it is through the enhancement of our wisdom that we can hope to avoid artificial intelligence (AI) causing the end of mankind.  … read more

Apple CEO Tim Cook: ‚Privacy Is A Fundamental Human Right‘

Article in „All Tech considered“: Apple has long touted the power and design of its devices, but recently the world’s most valuable company has been emphasizing another feature: privacy. That’s no small matter when many users store important private data on those devices: account numbers, personal messages, photos. Apple CEO Tim Cook talks to NPR’s Robert Siegel about how the company protects its customers‘ data, and how it uses — or doesn’t use — that information. …read more

Forecast for 2030: connected with a chance of smart

Article in “memeburn” by Vanessa Clark: Facebook, YouTube, the iPhone, Twitter, Uber and Instagram. These are all things that didn’t exist at the turn of the millennium. Which was only 15 years ago. Now fast forward a decade and a half from 2015. Given that the rate of change is speeding up, what will the world look like then? What should businesses be thinking about today, to set themselves up for success in 2030? …read more

 

How digital learning is changing education

Atricle in „World Economic Forum“ by Andrew Ho and Isaac Chuang: Through networks such as edX, the education platform co-founded by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), MOOCs (massive open online courses) are now mainstream, and a lot of learning has gone digital. Whether directly (purely online) or in a hybrid fashion (a residential course that uses a learning-management system to do basic administrative work or more sophisticated tasks such as assessments or discussion boards), faculty and learners are working in a new kind of classroom. … read more

APEC adopts code of ethics for health firms

Article in „PhilStar“ by Kathleen A. Martin: Health industry groups in Southeast Asia have each adopted a code of ethics to reduce negligent practices that can harm patients’ safety and to boost the growth of small and medium enterprises in the sector. In a statement, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Small and Medium Enterprise Working Group said 32 biopharmaceutical and medical device associations within the 10 member economies have reported progress in espousing their first code of ethics. … read more

 

The Coming „Glass Age“: Where Transparency Is Everywhere

Article in „Worldcrunch“: Historians tend to associate human epochs with the dominant raw materials of these eras: the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. Accordingly, our contemporary times are often characterized as the Silicon Age — not as a tribute to Silicon Valley, but to silica, the foundation stone of the Information Technology industry. And yet a few months ago, Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman, hosts of the popular American TV show MythBusters, coined a new name for the current era: the Glass Age. … read more.

 

Do Netflix, Spotify and Facebook know me as well as they think?

Article in „TheGuardian“ by Alexis Petridis, Jess Cartner-Morley, Stuart Heritage: Websites try to suggest everything from your next best friend to your next best shirt. But are these recommendations a help or a hindrance? Four writers look at how algorithms shape their online lives … read more

 

What would Kant do? Ad blocking is a problem, but it’s ethical

Article in „digiday“ by Ricardo Bilton: Publishers like to trot out the ethical argument when debating the harms of ad blocking: Reading an article while blocking its ads is effectively stealing and violates the implicit contract between publishers and readers. “Every time you block an ad, what you’re really blocking is food from entering a child’s mouth,” wrote Tom’s Guide editorial director Avram Piltch wrote in May. But ethicists say that questioning the ethics of ad blocking ignores that neither publishers nor their digital advertising partners are exactly on firm ethical ground either. … read more….

 

ethics & Internet: Inflexible enterprise systems face digital nemesis

Article in „diginomica“ by Phil Wainewright: Inflexible enterprise systems built when change was costly and efficiency trumped customer choice face digital nemesis from the likes of Airbnb and Uber. We hear a lot these days about systems of engagement and systems of record. We’re starting to hear also about systems of intelligence. Without delving into details, the overall message is that there are new forms of computing coming along that complement and extend established systems of record in the enterprise. … read more

 

ethics & internet: Will Pharma Have an Ashley Madison Moment?

Article in „MM&M“ by Jeff Greene: As the news waves continue to ripple out from the Ashley Madison hack, they are eventually going to reach the consciousness (and perhaps the conscience) of the nation’s physicians. And that moment could seriously dampen the growth of digital across the pharma industry. … read more ….

 

Countries should address disruptive effects of the digital economy

Countries are making increased efforts to develop their digital economies in a way that will maximise social and economic benefits, but now need to address the risk of disruption in areas like privacy and jobs, according to a new OECD Report.

The OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2015 finds that most countries have moved from a narrow focus on communications technology to a broader digital approach that integrates social and economic priorities. Yet no OECD country has a national strategy on online privacy protection or is funding research in this area, which tends to be viewed as a matter for law enforcement authorities to handle.

The report – which covers areas from broadband penetration and industry consolidation to network neutrality and cloud computing in OECD and partner countries like Brazil, Colombia and Egypt – also says more should be done to offer information and communication technology (ICT) skills training to help people transition to new types of digital jobs.

“The digital economy has enormous potential for economic growth and well-being – but only if people trust it enough to fully engage,” said OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Director Andrew Wyckoff. “Things are moving very fast, with the arrival of Big Data analytics and the Internet of Things, and we must make sure we are ready for the impact this will have on digital privacy, security and trust as well as on skills and employment.”

In a 2014 OECD survey, 26 out of 29 countries rated building broadband infrastructure as their top priority and 19 of 28 countries put digital privacy and security second and third. Asked about the future, countries placed skills development as their top objective, followed by public service improvements and digital content creation. (See the survey data).

Other surveys cited in the report suggest two-thirds of people are more concerned about their online privacy than a year ago and only a third believe private information on the Internet is secure. More than half fear monitoring by government agencies.

Other findings in the Digital Economy Outlook

Of 34 countries surveyed, 27 have a national digital strategy. Many were established or updated in 2013 or 2014. Most focus on telecoms infrastructure, broadband capacity and speed. Few cover international issues such as internet governance.

Seven of the OECD’s 34 member countries count more than one mobile broadband subscription per person. Around three-quarters of smartphone use in OECD countries occurs on private Wi-Fi access via fixed networks.

All OECD countries have at least three mobile operators and most have four. Prices for mobile services fell markedly between 2012 and 2014 with the biggest declines in Italy, New Zealand and Turkey. Prices rose in Austria and Greece, however.

The ICT sector employed more than 14 million people in OECD countries in 2013, almost 3% of jobs in the 34-country bloc. ICT employment ranges from above four percent of total employment in Ireland and Korea to below two percent in Greece, Portugal and Mexico.

ICT venture capital is on the rise again and is now back at its highest level in the US since the dot-com bubble.

China is the leading gross exporter of ICT goods and services, but the US is the top exporter when trade is calculated in value-added terms, due in part to the high presence of US ICT services embodied in final products. Embodied ICT services also contributed to higher shares for India and the UK in value-added terms.

Korea is the most specialised of OECD and partner countries in computer, electronic and optical products; Luxembourg is strongest in telecoms; while Ireland, Sweden and the UK are most specialised in IT and other information Services.